Several laws provide whistleblowers with financial rewards when they submit information that helps the government recover funds from companies or individuals committing fraud. Since their medieval origins, qui tams have allowed a private person to receive a percentage of the money recovered as a result of their claim. Over the past 30 years, the U.S. authorities have paid hundreds of millions in total awards, with an average payout of approximately $1.5 million, up to $100 million. The number of cases settled in the last ten years has increased steadily.
The four qui tam laws that provide those who blow the whistle with monetary rewards for reporting fraud or illegal activity are: